A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens
A Ghost Story of Christmas, commonly known as A Christmas Carol, is a novel by Charles Dickens, first published in London in 1843.
Dickens wrote A Christmas Carol during a period when the British were exploring and re-evaluating past Christmas traditions, including carols, and newer customs such as Christmas Trees. He was influenced by the experiences of his own youth and by the Christmas stories of other authors, including Washington Irving.
Published on 19 December, the first edition sold out by Christmas Eve. By the end of 1844 thirteen editions had been released.
Most critics reviewed the novella favorably.
In 1849 Dickens began public readings of the story, which proved so successful. He undertook 127 further performances until 1870, the year of his death.
A Christmas Carol has never been out of print and has been translated into several languages. The story has been adapted many times for film, stage, opera and made into a candle.
A Christmas Carol captured the hype of of the mid-Victorian revival of the Christmas holiday. Dickens had acknowledged the influence of the modern Western observance of Christmas and later inspired several aspects of Christmas, including family gatherings, seasonal food and drink, dancing, games and a festive generosity of spirit.